- KEY FACTS (from Household air pollution (who.int) )
- Approximately 2.4 billion people worldwide cook using open fires or inefficient stoves .They are fuelled fuelled by kerosene, biomass (wood, animal dung and crop waste) and coal, which generates harmful household air pollution.
- Household air pollution was responsible for an estimated 3.2 million deaths per year in 2020, including over 237 000 deaths of children under the age of 5.
- The combined effects of ambient air pollution and household air pollution are associated with 6.7 million premature deaths annually.
- Household air pollution exposure leads to noncommunicable diseases including stroke, ischaemic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer.
- Women and children, typically responsible for household chores such as cooking collecting firewood, bear the greatest health burden from the use of polluting fuels and technologies in homes.
- It is essential to expand use of clean fuels and technologies to reduce household air pollution and protect health. These include solar, electricity, biogas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), natural gas, alcohol fuels, as well as biomass stoves that meet the emission targets in the WHO Guidelines.
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